Traditional IRA

Traditional IRA and How It Works

A traditional IRA is a retirement savings account that allows you to save money on a pre-tax basis. Earnings made from the account will grow tax-deferred until you withdraw them in retirement. With this, you won’t be charged with capital gains taxes on the returns, interest, and dividends from the investment. 

The money in a traditional IRA can be invested in a wide variety of assets, including stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. You can even extend your holdings to less traditional retirement investments, like precious metals and cryptocurrencies, if your traditional IRA is a self-directed account.

Depending on your annual income, you may be able to deduct some or all your contributions in your tax return. If you’re not eligible for the tax deduction, then you will not be taxed on your contributions as you withdraw the funds. However, any earnings or interest will still be taxable as regular income.

The Benefits of Investing in a Traditional IRA

The tax structure of a traditional IRA matches the needs of investors who want to earn tax savings over time. Here are some of the benefits of investing in a traditional IRA:

Ease in setting up

As long as you earn regular income, then you are qualified to set up a traditional IRA. You can open an account through many brokerage firms and banks in just minutes!

Tax-Free Growth

The money you save in a traditional IRA grows tax-deferred. That means, you don't have to pay taxes on your investment gains until you withdraw the money from the account.

Tax Deductibility

Since contributions are made with pre-tax money, you can enjoy partial or full deduction on your tax return based on your income level, although with certain limitations.

Wide Investment Options

You can choose from a wide variety of investments for your IRA, including stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. This gives you the flexibility to tailor your portfolio according to your specific needs.

Contributions and Income Tax Deduction Limits

Anyone  who earns regular income is qualified to set up a traditional IRA. However, your contributions should not be more than your annual income. 

If you’re married, your deductions will be based on your household income level and whether your spouse is covered by a workplace retirement plan. 

Currently, you can contribute a maximum of $6000 or $7000 (if you’re 50 or older). The deductions on these contributions will be computed based on your annual modified adjusted gross income (AGI). See table below. 

Filing Status

2021 Modified AGI

2022 Modified AGI


Single or Head of Household

$66,000 or less

$68,000 or less

Full deduction (up to contribution limit per age group)


$66,001 - 75,999

$68,001 - $77,999

Partial deduction


$76,000 or more

$78,000 or moreNo deduction

No deduction


$105,000 or less

$109,000 or less

Full deduction (up to contribution limit per age group)

Married, filed jointly

$105,001 - $124,999

$109,001 - $128,999

Partial deduction


$125,000 or more

$129,000 or more

No deduction

Married, filed separately

Less than $10,000

Less than $10,000

Partial deduction


$10,000 or more

$10,000 or more

No deduction

Important Rules on Withdrawal 

Once you withdraw money from your traditional IRA, you will be paying taxes based on your income bracket for every fund you take out. 

Technically you can withdraw funds from your account anytime. However, distributions taken before age 59  ½ (federal retirement age) are subject to a 10% early withdrawal penalty, in addition to any income taxes due. In other words, your withdrawals are tied to your age requirement.

How Required Minimum Distributions Work

Once you reach the age of 72, the IRS will require you to start taking funds from your IRA, these are called the Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs). The amount you must withdraw each year will be computed by determining your average life expectancy. 

You must withdraw your first RMDs on April 1 of the year after you turn 72. After this, the next RMDs must be withdrawn every Dec. 31 of the subsequent years. Failure to withdraw any of your RMDs will incur a 50% penalty of the fund not withdrawn.

Ways to Invest in Your Traditional IRA Account

There are a number of different ways that you can invest the money in your traditional IRA account. This can include everything from stocks and bonds to real estate and precious metals. The important thing is to make sure that you are investing in something that will grow over time, so that you can retire with enough money saved up.

One option that can be a good investment for your traditional IRA is to buy stocks in well-established companies. These companies tend to have a history of paying dividends, which can help your funds grow over time. With this, you will earn a tax-advantage on stock sales (on realized gains) and  dividends as long as your investments remain in the account. You could also invest in bonds, which are typically less risky than stocks.

Another option is to invest in real estate. Investing your IRA in real estate can be challenging, considering red tape and tax issues. But, on the contrary, property can be a good way to diversify your portfolio and earn great returns. 

Finally, you may want to consider investing in precious metals using a self-directed traditional IRA. Gold and silver are both popular choices, and can be used to protect your money from inflation. 

No matter what type of investment you choose, it is important to do your research first. This will help ensure that you are making the best decision for your traditional IRA.

How to Open and Fund Your Traditional IRA Account

To open a traditional IRA account, you will need to contact the financial institution of your choice and provide them with your personal information. This includes your Social Security PIN, employment information, and contact number.  Once your account is open, you can fund it by transferring money from an existing bank account or by rolling over funds from an old 401k account.

How to Monitor your Investments in a Traditional IRA Account

One way to monitor your investments in a traditional IRA account is by checking with the company you had opened your account with. Additionally, you may want to speak with a financial advisor to get more information on how to best manage your traditional IRA account.

What are the Tax Implications of Withdrawing from my Traditional IRA`

With a traditional IRA, you contribute pre-tax income. Each amount you deposit lowers your taxable income by the same amount for that period. Once you start withdrawing,

the returns and the initial investment will be taxed based on your tax bracket in the year you have withdrawn.  A 10% penalty will be added to the regular income tax if you withdraw the money before you reach the federal retirement age (59 ½ ). 

Traditional IRA Limitations and Disadvantages

The Traditional IRA has a number of limitations and disadvantages when compared to other investment options.

1. Penalties

As said earlier, you will be incurring a 10% penalty plus the regular taxes owed for any amount withdrawn before retirement age. You can only withdraw without penalty if you have reached 59 ½ in age. There are, however, a few exceptions to these, some examples are: 

  • If the withdrawal of a maximum of $10,000 is used to pay for a first-home purchase.
  • If the withdrawal of up to $5,000 is used for the adoption or birth of a child. 
  • If the withdrawals are used for college expenses. 
You can check with the IRS for the complete list.

2. Required Distributions

Once you reach the age of 72, you’ll be required by the IRS to meet the mandatory withdrawals. If you fail to comply, you’ll be charged with a 50% penalty plus the taxes owed.

3. Limits on Contributions

Traditional IRAs entail strict contribution limits. As of 2021 and 2022 the maximum contribution is $6,000 for those aged below 50 and $7,000 for those who are older. To be eligible you and your spouse must have regular income.

How to Establish a Payroll Deduction IRA

Setting up a Payroll Deduction retirement plan is perhaps the easiest among all IRAs. Here’s how you can establish one: 


Choose investments that match your investment goals and risk tolerance.


Consider investing in a mix of stocks, bonds, and other assets.


Review your portfolio regularly and make amends as needed.


Diversify your investments to help minimize risk.


Seek professional advice if you're unsure about what to invest in.

By following these tips, you'll be on your way to making smart investment choices for your account.

The Importance of Diversifying your Investments

When it comes to your finances, it's important to diversify your investments. This means, avoid putting all your eggs in one basket. Instead, you should spread your money around and invest in different things. This will help protect you from losing everything if one of your investments goes sour.

With a traditional IRA, you can hold a variety of different assets, such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. This helps reduce your risk and gives you the potential for higher returns.


What is a traditional IRA?

A traditional IRA is an individual retirement account that allows you to make pre-tax  contributions. Each amount you deposit reduces your taxable income by the same amount for that period. Since returns and interest grow tax-deferred until retirement, you’ll start paying taxes at regular rates only upon withdrawal.

Are 401(k) contributions also tax-deductible?

Yes, contributions made to a traditional 401k IRA are pre-tax dollars, which means they are deductible from your regular income.

Can I contribute to a Roth IRA if I have a traditional IRA?

Yes, you can contribute to a Roth IRA even if you have a traditional IRA. Provided, your total contributions do not exceed the limit required by the IRS for any given year.

Can I roll over my traditional IRA into a Roth IRA?

Yes, but you will have to pay income taxes on the amount you roll over for that year. On the bright side, you will no longer be taxed on your withdrawals on retirement since in this case, contributions are already made with after-tax money.

What are the benefits of a traditional IRA?

The main benefit of a traditional IRA is that your contributions are tax-deductible. This means that you can reduce your taxable income for the year by the amount of your contributions. In addition, earnings in a traditional IRA are not taxed until they are withdrawn. This can provide a significant tax savings over time.

Are there any restrictions on who can contribute to a traditional IRA?

Yes, there are some restrictions. You must have earned income in order to make contributions to a traditional IRA. In addition, you cannot contribute more than $6,000 per year (or $7,000 if you are over 50).

What is the deadline for contributing to a traditional IRA?

Normally, you have until the filing deadline to make IRA contributions. Starting January 1, 2022, the deadline for putting money into your account will be until the filing deadline in 2023.

How can I withdraw money from my traditional IRA?

You can withdraw money from your traditional IRA by taking a distribution. The distribution will be taxed as income in the year it is withdrawn. Under IRS standards, withdrawals taken before retirement age (59 ½) will incur a penalty of 10% in addition to regular income tax.

Can I roll over my traditional IRA into another account?

Yes. The best way to do this is through direct rollover or a “trustee-to-trustee” transfer. With this, you can avoid any tax penalties.

What are the restrictions on withdrawing money from my traditional IRA?

There are no restrictions on withdrawing money from your traditional IRA once you reach age 59 1/2. However, if you withdraw money before that age, you will have to pay a penalty of 10% of the amount withdrawn.

How long do I have to keep my money in a traditional IRA?

There is no required minimum period that you must keep your money in a traditional IRA. As long as you comply with the retirement age requirement (59 ½) on withdrawal, you will not be penalized.

Is a traditional IRA the best option for me?

A traditional IRA can be a great retirement-savings scheme, but  you need to understand contribution limits, tax implications, restrictions, and other strict IRS guidelines to start. We’ve covered everything from A to Z. Now, you just need to check your qualifications and decide whether you truly want to invest in a traditional IRA.

If you’re still confused by the end of this article, here’s one last tip. If you think you don’t have enough time until retirement and you expect to be in the lower tax bracket once you retire, this can be a good option. You’ll be enjoying immediate tax benefits while you’re still earning a lot of money and pay lower tax rates later.

Don’t forget to talk with your financial adviser! This will help ensure that you are making the best decision for your traditional IRA.

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